Accepted name: Vipera transcaucasiana Boulenger, 1913
Common name: Transcaucasian Sand Viper
Georgian name: ცხვირრქოსანი გველგესლა
Synonyms: Vipera ammodytes ssp. transcaucasiana
Taxonomic rank: Species
Taxonomy according to: http://www.reptile-database.org/
Reference: Tarkhnishvili, D., A. Kandaurov & A. Bukhnikashvili, 2002. Declines of amphibians and reptiles in Georgia during the 20th century: virtual vs. actual problems. Zeitschrift fur Feldherpetologie 9: 89-107.
The species is closely related to sand viper (Vipera ammodytes) from Balkans west to Central Europe, although differs by coloration pattern and is smaller. Up to the recent time it was assumed to be a geographic subspecies, V. ammodytes transcaucasiana, although recently its taxonomic status has been elevated. Because the range of the species is isolated and widely separated from other forms of the sand viper, strictly speaking, it can be nominated as an evolutionary species.
Distribution: The species has narrow range going from the Lesser Caucasus (Trialeti and east of Meskheti Ranges) to mountains of the eastern Turkey.
National Red list status: DD
Editor/Contact Person: David Tarkhnishvili
Contact address: email@example.com
Vipera transcaucasiana is recorded at 7 localities:
Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Georgia, (lat: 41.764497, lon: 44.581826, precision: <100), Adjara, Georgia, (lat: 41.535144, lon: 42.330175, precision: <100), Tashiskari, Shida Kartli, (lat: 41.950363, lon: 43.497909, precision: <100), Kvabiskhevi, Samtskhe-Javakheti, (lat: 41.781452, lon: 43.242512, precision: <100), Shida Kartli, Georgia, (lat: 41.865045, lon: 43.928078, precision: <100), Patara Toneti, Kvemo Kartli, (lat: 41.660036, lon: 44.451847, precision: <100), Didgori, Tbilisi, (lat: 41.646248, lon: 44.685816, precision: <100),
Tarkhnishvili, D., A. Kandaurov & A. Bukhnikashvili, 2002. Declines of amphibians and reptiles in Georgia during the 20th century: virtual vs. actual problems. Zeitschrift fur Feldherpetologie 9: 89-107.
Мусхелишвили Т. А. 1970. Пресмыкающиеся Восточной Грузии.
Citation: David Tarkhnishvili, 2019-08-15. [http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/index.php?taxon=Vipera transcaucasiana]. .Vipera transcaucasiana. in: Tarkhnishvili D, Chaladze G (Editors). 2013. Georgian biodiversity database. http://www.biodiversity-georgia.net/. Downloaded on: 16 February 2020